- Campus Rage Begins in the Home
(School Violence) Part 1,
- By Barrington H. Brennen
- 2002, 2016, 2022
We are all concerned about the violence being perpetrated in
our homes, schools, and sometimes on church grounds. It is disturbing to witness
a child in a fight with her parents or parents brutally beating their children
with a piece of wood. More so are the painful, violent scenes on our school
campuses, making them look like war zones. With the new age of cheaper cellular
phones, we now have a new weapon assisting in the eruption of violent
explosions. Angry perpetrators would use the cell phone to call for
reinforcement or for others to do the dirty work for them. This only adds to the
long list of "virtual weapons" being used to inflict pain and misery
on innocent lives.
- VIRTUAL WEAPON
- There is one weapon that really causes the greatest pain in our
communities, families, and churches. This weapon is the tongue. Usually
physical war starts with a tongue battle, even on school grounds. It is
when individuals throw uncultured words at each other. Belligerent and
vitriolic expletives are released like fiery daggers targeted for each of
the participating warriors. David in Psalms 52:2 says it very plainly:
"All day long you plot destruction. Your tongue cuts like a sharp
razor; you're an expert at telling lies." New Living Translation
This power struggle with the tongue is often a competition of
who can say meanest, foulest, and most derogatory things. The truth is that none
of the individuals wants to lose, so the "virtual war" will be an
endless brawl most often ending in a physical, senseless confrontation involving
real weapons of rocks, bottles, cutlasses, pieces of wood, and sometimes guns.
There is no letting go. No giving up. It is a fight to the end. Where does the
seed of violence first begin its germination? Is it in the school, the church,
or the home? Read on and letís find out.
FAULTY RELATIONSHIPS TO BLAME
Typically, ragers grew up in an environment of "shamed-based
relationships." Ragers were typically shamed or punished by their
caretakers for expressing emotion when they were young. For example:
"Be a man and don't cry," "Nice girls don't get angry"
or "I'll give you something to cry about," or "You are no
good child," or "I donít know why you are such a worthless
fool." Their parents did more shaming than praising. The students in
high school who enjoy causing pain to others, who know no other way to get
their point across, but through excessive force or violence, were more
than likely raised in homes where parents never praised them, always
focused on punishment, and treated them like they were worthless beings.
Most of the angry, "warrior-like" students had to learn how to
defend themselves before they could even hold a knife and folk properly.
Sometimes the first use of the knife was to harm another, even at the
tender ages of two, three, and four. Since these persons were mostly
shamed than loved, they grow up thinking that shaming others is normal.
- RAGE IS KING
- Weíve all heard about "road rage," a problem occurring too
often on our streets. Road rage occurs when impatient drivers, perhaps
frustrated over personal things in their lives, act in an uncultured
manner while driving. Similarly, there is a tidal wave of "family
rage" sweeping our country. I call this "family rage"
because its birth begins in faulty interpersonal relationships. Rage,
whether at home, school, or the church, is a shame-based expression of
anger. The "rager" (the one who is in rage) exerts his or her
power to survive the episode as "King"--king of rage, king of
shaming. A rager is inflexible, always right, unbending, and poisoned with
selfishness. To use a theological term, I can also say that ragers are
"self-righteous," especially during the moment of rage. To use a
psychological term, ragers are dangerously narcissistic. For the purposes
of this article, I describe a narcissist as one who creates his own world
around him, as if he is the only important citizen. All others are to get
out the way if they refuse to cooperate with him. If he has to use pain to
force one to cooperate, then so be it.
To fully deal with the violence and power struggle in our
schools, we must first address the issues at home. We must find ways to teach
our parents how to love and not to shame. Perhaps we need a "boot
camp" for parents and their teenagers who use violence and shaming as a
normal way of expression. Next week I will share on this subject.
- CHARACTERISTICS OF SHAME-BASED RELATIONSHIPS
- I want to stress the point that it is my opinion that children,
teenagers, and adults who think of nonphysical or physical violence as a
normal expression of life are coming from shame-based family settings. Sad
to say, they really do not know better. However, they can learn to do
After much research on the subject, I came across social
scientist and pastor, Thomas F. Fischerís "Eight Characteristics of
Shame-based Relationships." I will share them with you without any adaptation:
1) High Shame/Low Self-Esteem: Shame-based
individuals cannot honor and respect themselves or others. Instead, they're
trapped by their self-consciousness, their sense of inadequacy, and their
defense mechanisms which shield them from their own hypersensitive self-judgmentalism.
2) Distorted View of Others: With anger too strong
and frightening to admit, they tend to project these feelings outside of
themselves. They often make themselves victims by characterizing others as
angry, blaming, unfair, aggressive, judgmental, controlling or mean. Since the
victimization needs must be maintained, the hostile or unfair feelings
projected toward others tend to remain unchanged, too.
3) Distorted View of Themselves: Unable consciously
or unconsciously to deal with the shame-full awareness that they can and do
make mistakes, shame-based individuals will engage in various self-distortions
and denials. These may come in many forms.
Perhaps a common manifestation of this tendency toward
self-distortion is when they are hard on themselves or when they see
themselves as infinitely better than others. Such narcissistic tendencies may
move them to "over-report" the good things they do while
"under-reporting" their failures.
Others may not recognize their grandiose tendency toward
"white lies." Unfortunately, they may not recognize it either. Over
time, the grandiose "white lie" can become the "Greatest Fish
Story Ever Told." As these shame-based individuals believe and live out
their phantasmal grandiose image of themselves, it is no wonder that, in their
blind, shame-driven narcissism, they wonder how anyone can do without them.
4) Motivated By Fear: The greater their fears, the
greater the need for their mental censors
to protect them from their fears. As
heightened fears raise the level of hyper-vigilance, their increased
hyper-vigilance requires a rapidly increased defensive hyper-response.
5) Black-and-White Thinking: Closely related to fear
motivations is the practice of "splitting" or assigning people and
their behaviors to rigid categories. Yes/No, Black/White, Either/Or,
Safe/Unsafe, Good/Bad are all examples of the rigid categories they create.
When they judge others, there is no "gray" area. Nearly always itís
"all or nothing," "throw the baby out with the bath
6) Enslaved by Hyper-Self-Criticism: Those upon whom
this judgmentalism falls may feel intense guilt. As if it were any
consolation, shame-based individuals judge themselves even more critically,
mercilessly and unfairly than they do others. As they have been taught, they
are either good or bad, perfect or failure, saint or sinner, worth of love or
unworthy of love, competent or incompetent, etc.
7) Fear of Abandonment: Being abandoned is a fate
worst than death. It must be avoided at all costs by behaviors such as
people-pleasing, perfectionism, giving in, overextending themselves to find
love, putting up rigid boundaries to avoid relationships and thus abandonment.
8) Loneliness: Shame-based loneliness results from
the strict detachment which characterized shame-based individuals. This
detachment may be seen in their preference for isolation. This isolation can
be accomplished in numerous ways including 1) physical withdrawal, 2)
emotional withdrawal, or 3) putting on a subtlety-guarded "life of the
If you are a pastor, teacher, community worker, or parent,
and you know any teenager who is always angry or responds to disappointments and
disagreements in violent ways, look a little closer and see which of these eight
characteristics are manifested in his or her life.
- LOOK WITHIN YOUR OWN HEART
- Before I end this article today, I do not want you to close this paper
thinking that we are all innocent bystanders who are never violent or mean.
Let me share these questions with you I read during a seminar. If you say
yes to any of these, you may need some help also. "Do you think that
most of the people you know are stupid jerks who can't do anything right?
Are you impatient with the people who wait on you in stores and restaurants?
Do you argue with nearly everyone you meet at some point in your encounter
with them? Do you prefer to watch violent, action movies and television
shows, and sometimes secretly wish that you could do the things that the
characters are doing? Do you prefer to play with violent action video games,
kick the cat, beat the dog, or your children or your spouse, or fantasize
about doing those things? Have the people around you told you that you have
a very short fuse? Have you ever tried to control your angry or rageful
outbursts? Do you feel, in secret, that you are losing your grip on your
Barrington H. Brennen, MA, NCP, BCCP, is a marriage and
family therapist and board certified clinical
psychotherapist, USA. Send your questions or comments to firstname.lastname@example.org or
write to P.O. Box CB-13019, Nassau, The Bahamas, or visit www.soencouragement.org
or call 242-327-1980 or 242-477-4002.